Gerund vs Infinitive

April 22, 2013 at 9:37 am | Posted in Gerund or Infinitve, Uncategorized | Leave a comment
Tags:

gerund_and_infinitive1

Gerund or Infinitive ?

Choosing one or the other can be a tricky issue because in most of the cases in Portuguese language we use the infinitive, so having more than one option may seem strange.

To make things clear, let’s sum up their main uses:

Gerund can be used:

  • as a nounreading_is_cool_stickers-ra3f7cbbe7204492b84107f19c4dfd49d_v9waf_8byvr_216
  • after prepositions
  • after some expressions  (it’s no use,it’s no good, can’t help, can’t stand, be used to, have fun, be busy)
  • with some verbs

Infinitive can be used

  • as a noun
  • to express purposeIn-order-to-win-at-life-we-must-have-direction-e1347898917229
  • after some adjectives
  • after some verbs

Which verbs?

gerund_only

 1402632686_infinitive

There is also a group of verbs which you can use with both Gerund and Infinitive.

In this first group, there is no substantial change of meaning, though we use the -ing form to speak about more general situations.

begin
hate
like
prefer
start

gerund-infinitve2

In this second group, the use of a gerund or an infinitive can change the meaning of the sentence.

go on
continue
stop
 see  hear
forget
remember
regret
 watch  notice

Stop

Using an infinitive after this verb it means to stop what you were doing to do something else, while with a gerund, it means to quit the activity.

Look at the sentence in the picture:

stop

 Try:Ralph-Waldo-Emerson2

Try + gerund means to experiment with an action that might be a solution to your problem.

  • – If you have problems losing weight, you could try eating more vegetables and less sugary and salty foods.

Try + to-infinitive means to make an effort to do something. It may be something very difficult or even impossible:

  • – They tried to save him, but all efforts were useless.

 Go on

Something similar can happen with go on.

Example:

  • He went on speaking about his health problems. (= continue the same activity)
  • After speaking about an hour about his health problems, he went on to speak about his new car.

remember_to

Forget, regret and remember:

When these verbs are followed by a gerund, the gerund refers to an action that happened earlier:

  •   I remember locking the door (= I remember now, I locked the door earlier)
  •   Don’t forget to lock the door before you leave. (Remember to do it.)
  • He regretted speaking so rudely. (= he regretted at some time in the past, he had spoken rudely at some earlier time in the past.)
  • We regret to inform the flight BA546 is delayed. (= something it is still going to happen)

See and hear

Using infinitive after these verbs emphasizes that the action is completed.

  • Ex: We saw him break into the house, so we called the police.

With an -ing form, it conveys the idea that the action was witnessed only temporarily.

  • Ex: When I was passing by I saw her watering the flowers.

Now if you’re ready, let’s test what you’ve learned.

 

Exercise on verbs that take both Infinitive and Gerund:

If you were very successful and would like a complete revision again, watch this video:

To conclude listen to some lines from songs that use either infinitive or gerund. Maybe they will inspire you to do good work!

The best of luck!shamrock3-gif

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Television

April 21, 2013 at 9:54 pm | Posted in Television, The Media | Leave a comment

Are you a TV fan?

tv

See if you can identify these TV programmes.

Which one is …

  • a talent show ?
  • a wildlife documentary ?
  • a cartoon / animation film ?
  • a commercial ?
  • a reality show ?
  • the weather forecast ?
  • a music programme ?
  • a quiz show ?
  • an adventure film ?
  • a sports programme ?
  • a talk show ?

   TV programmes1

  • What about TV jobs?

News_reader

Find out what they are by adding the vowels.

N _ W S R _  _ D _ R

C _ M _ R _ M _ N

_ C T _ R

C _ S  T _ M _     D _ S _ G N _ R

D_ R _ C  T _ RCOSTUME DESIGNER

P R _ S  _ N T _ R

PresenterM _ K _ _ P    _ R T _ S T

M _ X _ R

J _ _ R N _ L _ S T

Find out what these jobs are in a TV studio:

  • A gaffer
  • A floor manager
  • A set designer

Use the dictionary on the right. –>

CouchPotatoCL(shadow)

What about your TV viewing habits?

Are you a TV addict?

How many hours a day do you usually watch TV?

Put yourself to test by answering this TEST.

Focusing on the British TV stationshomescreen

How many channels are there?

Are they all commercial?

What is the difference between a commercial and a non-commercial TV channel?

What are the advantages of one type over the other?

How different are they from the Portuguese TV channels?

What this video and find out the answer:

The Mass Media

April 17, 2013 at 11:20 am | Posted in The Media | Leave a comment

mass_media

Mass Media

Mass media is a concept that includes different means of communication and also implies the existence of a massive audience. They have shaped our society and culture for centuries as they have existed since ancient times, but we often make the mistake of thinking only about the most recent ones.

  • Can you identify the following?

Media-Affect-on-Our-Lives

  •   Insert them in two big groups:

  • the print media: ______________

  • the broadcast media: _____________

  • Build a timeline with the media shown in the picture.

    • Where would you include theatre?
    • And the social networks?

7-mass-media

 

 

  • To revise what we did in the class, click THE_MEDIA to download the PPT presentation.

 

Media ratings

According to some recent studies, the old media are losing ground to the new ones. Does the graph below confirm that trend?

How can that be explained?

 

news-1

 

 

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