Speaking about the past

November 22, 2015 at 10:42 pm | Posted in Past continuous vs Simple Past, Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Past Simple vs Past Continuous

 

simplepastandcontinuous(sppc) contrast

Look at these examples:

Past continuous_jun-p06-Past01Past-Simple_Past-Continuous

 

 

Now get ready for some exercises:

Exercise 1

Exercise 2

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Comparatives & Superlatives

November 22, 2015 at 9:12 pm | Posted in adjective degrees, Double comparatives, Uncategorized | Leave a comment

comparatives-and-superlativesAdjective degrees

 

Adjectives degrees can be divided into two main categories depending on the number of elements you are comparing. To compare two elements you use a comparative; to express the  highest degree of the quality of more than two things  we use a superlative.

 

degrees-of-adjectives-2-638

Please take notice how they are formed.

 

 

COMPARATIVE OF ADJECTIVES.cmap

When you use the inferiority or the equality degrees, the length of the adjective is not important, but in the superiority one, you need to pay attention to that detail. Short and longer adjectives have different formations.

comparative-and-superlatives-adj-5-638

 

 

Besides that, there are still some irregular forms to pay attention to.

 

COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE-IRREGULAR FORMS

Take some exercises to help you to revise for the test.

Adjective degrees 1

Adjective degrees 2

 

Double comparatives

One can use a double comparative with two different purposes:

  1. to say that something is increasing or decreasing;repeatedcomparative

 

Example:

His performance is getting better and better.

He is running faster and faster

 

double-comparatives

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2. to describe a cause-and-effect process.

Example:

The more he works out, the fitter he feels.

The better food you eat, the healthier you’ll be.

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Take some exercises to practice.

Double comparatives 1

Double comparatives 2

 

 

 

 

English varieties

November 22, 2015 at 3:25 pm | Posted in British and American English, Uncategorized | Leave a comment
Tags:

British vs American English

america-vs-british

For various reasons English has turned into an international language. Still, in each country the language spread to the language has acquired a different tone due to the contact with the local reality.

The USA is, however, a special case. The first continent to be colonised by the British, the language soon started changing according to the context. In some cases the language was simplified  (spelling), in others the locals kept the same old words the colonists brought with them. Yet, there were also a lot of new words (loan words) derived from the cultural encounters with other ethnic groups.

So we should be aware of those differences.

Spelling differences

AmericanBritish-1

Lexical or Vocabulary differences

Some different words:

american english by areas

 

Pronunciation

As for the way words are pronounced, watch this:

 

Exercises:

American vs British English 1

American vs British English 2

American vs British english 3

Word formation

November 22, 2015 at 2:29 pm | Posted in Word formation | Leave a comment
Tags: , , ,

Creating new words

There are four main kinds of word formation: prefixes, suffixes, conversion and compounds.

word formationExamples:

Suffixation

Multinational = multi + nation + al  ( uses both a prefix and suffix)

Conversion

Text = Can you read the text? (noun) or Can you text her ? (verb)

Compounding

with a hyphen:

multi-word ; postwar ; dry-cleaning

no hyphen:

swimming pool; language skills ; mother tongue

joined words:

headache; mailbox; sunflower

 word_building

Exercises:

Compounding 1

Compounding 2

Compounding 3

Suffixation 1

Suffixation 2

Suffixation 3

 

 

 

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