Perfect Tenses (Past and Present)

October 24, 2016 at 4:13 pm | Posted in Present Perfect Tenses, Songs and verb tenses, Uncategorized, Verb Tenses | Leave a comment

Perfect tenses made easy!!

Present perfect tenses

are subdivided into: 

  • Present Perfect Simple 

  • Present Perfect Continuous (or Progressive)

 Let’s look at the first one:

Present Perfect Simple is used to in different situations, for example:

  • to speak about an unspecified time in the past.







  • You can use it to speak about actions or events related to the present time.

  • You often give emphasis to the present result of those actions.

  • Actions that have been just completed.

  • You can use it with words like  yet, still, already, for, since, just…

  • Look at the examples below.


To help you revise Present Perfect, go through the Powerpoint you’ve  seen in class.

Computer Age_Present perfect


Now let’s take a look at

Present Perfect Continuous

It’s about an action that has been going on for some time and has some impact on the present.


It puts emphasis on the duration or course of that action (not the result).


Try to work out the difference by completing these exercises:

Present Perfect Simple vs Continuous 1

Present Perfect Simple vs Continuous 2

Present Perfect Simple vs Continuous 3


Now listen to another song that uses this perfect continuous tense.


Try to identify the mistakes in this first stanza. How many can you identify?

Early, I’ve been, I’ve been losing sleep
Thinking about the things that we could be
But baby, I’ve been, I’ve been crying hard,
Said, no more chasing dollars
We’ll be hunting stars, yeah we’ll be hunting stars

How many extra words are there?

I see in this life like a swinging vine
Swing my heart across the line fine
And my face now is flashing signs
Seek it out and you shall find me

Now what’s missing?

_________, but I’m not that _________
Young, but I’m not that _________
I don’t think the world is ______
I’m just doing what we’re _______
I feel something so right
Doing the ________ thing
I feel something so _________
Doing the right thing
I could lie, couldn’t I, could lie
Everything that kills me makes me feel alive

A little help:   Told      Bold      Wrong         Sold       Old
This exercise was based on material from

Past Perfect vs Past Perfect Continuous

Now let’s pay attention to the past perfect tenses. ppvsppct

Like the present, these are are subdivided into:

  • Past Perfect
  • Past Perfect Continuous (or Progressive)


Focusing on the Past Perfect

Formation:   had + past participle 



Use: This verb tense is often used to speak about an action that took place before another event in the past.


With the past perfect it is clear which action took place first…



… or the reason why something happened in the past.



Look at this timeline: Two actions took place in the past, but not at the same time. So you can show very clearly how things happened.



  • Sam had cooked dinner when Carol got home.

  • After Sam had cooked dinner, Carol got home.

  • By the time Carol got home, Sam  had already cooked dinner.


Time expressions like when, until before, after, by the time, by then are often used with the Past Perfect.


Past Perfect Continuous


This tense tells us what had been taking place before a certain action /event in the past.


Formation:   HAD  BEEN + GERUND









The same time expressions (when, until before, after, by the time, by then)  can be used with the Past Perfect Continuous.


  • He had been driving for 2 hours before his car broke down.
  • He had been driving for 2 hours when his car broke down.
  • By the time his car broke down he had been driving for 2 hours.


Check the presentation we used in class. I may help you.

past-perfect-tenses looking-back-704x302



Now see if you can use  these tenses accurately. Use the following links:















Contrast and concessive connectors

October 19, 2016 at 4:28 pm | Posted in Contrast connectors, Uncategorized | Leave a comment
Tags: ,

Expressing contrast and concession

Connectors are very important to make the texts we write more cohesive.

There are many different types, but today we are simply going to sonsider the ones used to express contrast or concession, that means when ideas seem to diverge.

Look at the list below:


They all introduce a note of  contrast and disagreement, but they have different ways of being used in the sentences. For example their placement may vary. Some are more often used at the beginning, some at the end and others in the middle.




Besides their position, they also require different types of completion. Note the differences in the explanation below:


Although / though / even though  (Port. embora) – need a full clause (subject + verb).

Despite /In spite of  (Port. apesar de) – take a Gerund (ing form) or noun

Despite the fact that… / In spite of the fact that …. – full clause (subject + verb)

Yet / Still /However / Nevertheless – (Port. porém, todavia, contudo, no entanto) –  need a comma (,) and come in the middle of two clauses.


Recalling last year’s presentation: 106_concessive_clauses_and_phrases


Shall we try a few exercises?

Exercise 1

Exercise 2

Exercise 3

Exercise 4



October 16, 2016 at 10:56 am | Posted in shopping, Uncategorized | Leave a comment
Tags: ,

Shop till you drop online-sales-478x311


With the new marketing strategies and advertising campaigns, shopping looks more like a modern pastime than simply an answer to our needs. More and more people do it for fun, not out of need. Nobody knows whether this is a good change or just a new form of allienation.

What’s your view?

Before you comment on this, take a look at the following video.



Publishing your views:



To fight against this great wave of consumerism, there’s also a campaign encouraging people to resist the appeal to consumption.

Would you take part in this kind of initiative?




Or would you be more radical?




October 3, 2016 at 5:41 pm | Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment
Tags: , ,

Money, money, moneymoney-300x261

A well-known song says that money makes the world go around and in fact our lives revolve much around getting and spending money.

No matter our age, nationality, social status or education, money matters. So let’s talk about money.

See if you can answer the questions below. Are they difficult?

  • How do you get your money?
  • How do you spend it?
  • How good are you at saving money?


If you can’t answer them fluently, we’d better revise vocabulary and listen to some examples. tightfisted-consumer

Money-related words:

afluent – broke – cheap –  generous – giving – hard up – mean 

penniless – prosperous – tight-fisted – wasteful – wealthy – well-off

Insert the adjectives above into the right categories below:

  • Having a lot of money:
  • Having very little money:
  • Willing to spend money:
  • Unwilling to spend money:


Solve this worksheet to expand your vocabulary on this topic area. vocabularymoney_apoio_oct2016

Try also these vocabulary quizzes here:         

money words1

money words2

listenListening activities







The links below will allow you to listen to some statements and  put yourself to test.


Reading activities

Now let’s try some reading comprehension on the subject. (easier) (more difficult)


To brighten up things, listen to an ‘oldie’ about the topic.


While you listen, try to figure out which word is missing. They all have to do with MONEY, of course.

I work all night, I work all day, to pay the ________ I have to pay
Ain’t it sad
And still there never seems to be a single ________ left for me
That’s too bad
In my dreams I have a plan
If I got me a __________ man
I wouldn’t have to work at all, I’d fool around and have a ball…
Money, money, money
Must be funny
In the __________ man’s world
Money, money, money
Always sunny
In the _________ man’s world
All the things I could do
If I had a little _________
It’s a rich man’s world
A man like that is hard to find but I can’t get him off my mind
Ain’t it sad
And if he happens to be free I bet he wouldn’t fancy me
That’s too bad
So I must leave, I’ll have to go
To Las Vegas or Monaco
And win a _________ in a game, my life will never be the same…
To check your answers: Money song lyrics

Welcome to Year 11

October 3, 2016 at 2:54 pm | Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment







Hi everyone!

We’re back. This is a new  stage you’re about to start. A lot of new projects, a lot of work, but also a lot of of fun hanging out together with mates and teachers.

The best of luck to you all!shamrock4d

Blog at
Entries and comments feeds.

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