Linking words

January 30, 2017 at 12:00 am | Posted in Connectors, Linking words | Leave a comment

Linking words, connectors & discourse markerslinking-words

Linking words, discourse markers and connectors may not be exactly the same in grammatical terms, for some are conjunctions  while others are adverbs or even prepositions.  Yet, they have something in common: they all are transition words or phrases that help us organise our oral speech or written texts. They bind the sentences and the ideas logically, making the text clearer to the listener or reader.

A text without them may seem illogical or uncohesive. However, we should not overuse them, either. Otherwise, the text will seem to pretentious. As you can see, in this first lines, we can already find quite a few.

Can you identify some in this chart below?


Take a look at the following guide:  linking_words_guide

Then, try these exercises here. thinking

Exercise 1

Exercise 2

Exercise 3

Exercise 4

Exercise 5

Exercise 6



Future tenses

January 21, 2017 at 9:50 pm | Posted in Future tenses, Uncategorized | Leave a comment
Tags: ,


Predicting the future has never been easy, especially if you want to be fairly accurate.

To make it more challenging  you have several ways of expressing  future actions depending on the point of view or the perspective you take.

Future verb tenses and modalities also match this complexity.

Trying to recall what we learned last year:



Four different ways of expressing future actions:

  • will /shall future
  • going to future
  • present continuous or progressive
  • simple present


How are they used? Look at the following diagram.



Take these  exercises to find out if you still remember this.

Exercise 1

Exercise 2

For more exercises refer to Future modalities link in the categories list on the right.



Now we are going to focus on will / shall future.

As all the other English tenses, there are four different ones:

  • Future Simple english-grammar-types-of-tenses
  • Future Continuous
  • Future Perfect
  • Future Perfect Continuous

Which one should we use?

Analyse the following grid:




Which meanings do these cartoon illustrate?


























Let’ s see ifyou can work out these exercises successfully:


Exercise 1

Exercise 2

Exercise 3

Exercise 4


If you’re still ful of doubts, check the PPT presentation you saw in the class.

Click here.future_continuous-perfect_amc11o_st

Our world

January 21, 2017 at 4:27 pm | Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

world-back-colour-medium_1Our world

Scientists think that the Earth is 4.54 billion years old, which means that the planet has gone through a lot of transformations to become the world we know today.

Humankind is much younger (some say just 200,000 years old) yet we are leaving a huge footprint. Population growth, progress  and consumerism are having strong impact on our home, planet Earth, and problably changing its living conditions forever.

Our world is being affected in several ways. Look at the picture below↓:


Can you identify the problems above↑ (clockwise)?


  1. F_ _D     SH_ RT_ G
  2. GL _B _L    W _ RM_ N G
  3. G R_ _ NH _US _     _ F F_ C T
  4. _Z_ N_   L _Y_ R    D _PL_ T_ _N
  5. W_ T_ R    S H_ R T_ G_
  6. S _ _L     C_N T_ M_ N_ T_ _N
  7. _ X T_ N C T_ _ N
  8. W_S T _  D_ S P_ S _ L


To train your listening skills and simultaneously revise vocabulary, try this link and do the exercises proposed there.

Listening and vocabulary review exercise  Click on listen-optionalthe audio file and complete the text.



How about possible solutions? Have you thought of any?

Watch the video and list down some of the tips they offer.

  • At home:
  • While shopping:
  • While travelling:


Try this exercise with some of the vocabulary you’ve just listened to.

Click here. go_green_stamps


Why not call your Mayor’s attention to local problems?


  • Say who you are;
  • What the problem is and why that disturbs you;
  • Don’t forget to suggest a few measures to be taken by the town council;
  • Offer your help if appropriate.thinlglobalactlocal


Start like this:                                    Dear Mayor,

Close the letter saying:                     Sincerely

NB – Don’t forget to sign in legible way!


Read the following letter and find out why you wouldn’t like to write it.



Listen to him. Great way of summing up everything.

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